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Insomnia

Insomnia In this research paper I will attempt to familiarize you, the reader, on the role of sleep, health risks of sleeping disorder that is most common, Insomnia. I will give you some of the aspects which cause Insomnia and how it can be treated. We human beings spend one third of our lives in a mysterious, potentially dangerous and seemingly unproductive state of unconsciousness—and no one knows exactly why. Scientists have attempted to study the effects of sleep and its role on our existence but have yet to come up with an accurate reason why we need sleep. Yes, we do need sleep. All animals, be they mammal, amphibian, aquatic, etc., need some form of sleep in order to rejuvenate their body and/or mind.

Without sleep our bodies tend to experience some type of mental or physical malfunctions. Some of us human beings can even become down right incapable of proper social function. In other words, cranky frustrated emotional nutcases. So, sleep does play an important role in our daily functions, and no matter what we must fit it into our lives/schedule. Edisons light bulb can be considered one of the major technological “curses” of the modern age, says sleep researcher Harvey Moldofsky, chief psychiatrist at Toronto Western Hospital.

Edison believed that his light bulb would liberate us from the night and in the process transform our lives. The fact that the light bulb served as a reliable, controlled was to, banish the night, did not act as perhaps Edison hoped it would. Yet, it helped banish our need for sleep. And with this a change in our sleeping patterns. This is one of the ultimate causes of sleep problems.

Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of one or more of the following: difficulty sleeping, waking up too early, unrefreshing sleep, waking frequently through the night. When one has Insomnia it is difficult to initiate and/or maintain sleep. Some believe that Insomnia is not a disorder, it is a symptom that often indicated other problems. Other diagnosis, hold that Insomnia is the most common of all sleep disorders and perhaps the most frequent health complaint after pain. Severe cases can disrupt social and occupational function and is associated with depression, fatigue, and anxiety.

There are different types of Insomnia which affect our sleep patterns in many different ways. Types of Insomnia are: ? Sleep Onset Insomnia (delayed sleep Phase Syndrome): a disorder in which the major sleep episode is delayed in relation to the desires clock time which one wishes to be awakened. ? Idiopathic Insomnia: A life long inability to obtain adequate sleep that is due to an abnormality of the neurological control of the sleep-wake system. ? Psychophysiological Insomnia: A disorder or somatized tension (conversion of anxiety into physical symptoms) and learned sleep – preventing associated with results in a complaint of Insomnia and associated decreased functioning during wakefulness. ? Childhood Insomnia (limit-setting Sleep Disorder): Primarily a childhood disorder that is characterized by the inadequate enforcement of bed times by a caretaker with resultant stalling or refusal to go to bed at the appropriate time. ? Food Allergy Insomnia: A disorder of initiating and maintaining sleep due to an allergic response to food allergens.

? Environmental Insomnia (Environmental Sleep disorder): A sleep disorder disturbance due to a disturbing environmental factor that causes a complaint of either Insomnia or excessive sleepiness. ? Transient Insomnia (Adjustment Sleep Disorder): Represents sleep disturbance temporally related to acute stress, conflict or environmental change causing emotional agitation. ? Periodic Insomnia (Non 24-Hour Sleep-Wake Syndrome): Consists of a chronic steady pattern consisting of 1-2 hour daily delays in sleep onset and wake times in an individual living in society. ? Altitude Insomnia: An acute Insomnia usually accompanied by headaches, loss of appetite, and fatigue, that occurs following ascent to high altitudes. ? Hypnotic-Dependency Insomnia (Hypnotic Dependent Sleep Disorder): Characterized by Insomnia or excessive sleepiness that is associated with tolerance to or withdrawal from hypnotic medications.

? Stimulant Dependent Sleep Disorder: Characterized by a reduction of sleepiness or suppression of sleep by central stimulants and resultant alterations in wakefulness following drug abstinence. ? Alcohol Dependent Insomnia (Alcohol Dependent Sleep Disorder): Characterized by the sustained ingestion of sleep onset by the sustained ingestion of alcohol that is used for its hypnotic effect. ? Toxins Induced Sleep Disorders: Characterized by either Insomnia or excessive sleepiness produced by poisoning with heavy metals or organic toxins. Transient and intermittent Insomnia generally occur in people who are temporarily experiencing either stress, environmental noise, extreme temperatures, change in ones environment, and sleep/wake schedule problems. Sleep is the way the body rests and allows the mind to slow down and relax.

Sleep is a distinct state of mind and body in which the body is deeply at rest, the metabolism is lowered, and the mind becomes unconscious to the outside world. The sleeping mind does not become unconscious entirely; instead, it shifts the direction of consciousness from a chair beside your body to another chair inside your dream. Aristotle proposed that the purpose of sleep was to help the body digest food although eating a big meal before getting into bed is one of the worst things you can do for your rest. Sleep is not a random phenomenon but a highly structured and well organized activity following a cycle pattern . Two types of sleep have been identified rapid eye movement (REM) and non rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. The duration of NREM-REM cycles is approximately 90 minutes., but may vary between 70 and 120 minutes NREM is subdivided into four stages from stage 1 a very light sleep, to stage 4, the deepest stage of sleep.

NREM sleep is also called quiet” sleep, because most physiological functions are slowed down during this period of slumber, NREM sleep has been described as an idling brain in a moveable body . REM sleep is called paradisiacal active, or fast sleep, characterized by electroenchgalographic (EEG) activation, muscle tone , and the onset of (the name REM) rapid eye movements during this time. Vivid hallucinatory experiences occur during REM sleep. With the exception of periodic muscle twitches, the body is essentially paralyzed during REM, which has been described as a hyperactive brain in a paralyzed body, Delta or slow wave sleep is predominant in the first third of the night , where as the proportion of REM sleep may come quicker than usual, aid delta sleep may consequently be delayed and shortened. Patterns of sleep generally look like this: light sleep deep sleep- REM sleep light sleep- deep sleep rest and restoration. The first period of light sleep lasts about 45 minutes.

There are five distinct stages of sleep. Stage 1 and 2 are the majority of the night. Stage 3 and 4 are deep sleeping or “delta sleep” and rest and restoration. Stage 5 is the dream-state, which generally involves rapid eye movement or REM sleep. Several developmental changes in sleep patterns occur over the course of life span.

Total sleep time is highest in infancy and gradually declines, leveling off in young adulthood. There are many different causes for insomnia that affect diverse groups of people in lots of ways. Causes for insomnia may range from the psychological to psyiological. Causes of chronic insomnia associated with psychological problems can be deeply rooted in stress, anxiety and /or depression. Insomnia associated with medical problems can be caused by a variety of things including: anemia, asthma, kidney dysfunction, diabetes, HIV, and a variety of medication side effects.

Insomnia can also be due to poor eating habits, caffeine, and lack of exercise. Snoring, not breathing, and Gasping for air are problems some people have when they are unable to sleep and breath at the same time which causes sleep apnea. Leg twitches are a problem some experience when their body suddenly je …